ii THE CHURCH OF S. JOHN OF THE STUDION 39
the priest who had celebrated the marriage of Constantlne VI. with Theodote, not only did Theodore and his brother Joseph, bishop of Thessalonica, and their venerable uncle Plato, endure imprisonment and exile, but every monk in the Studion defied the emperor. Summoning the fraternity into his presence, Nicephorus bade all who would obey his order go to the right, and all who dared to disobey him go to the left. Not a single man went to the right Under the very eyes of the despot all went to the left, and in his wrath Nicephorus broke up the community and distributed the monks among various monasteries. Upon the accession of Michael L the exiled monks and Theodore were allowed indeed to return to the Studion, peace being restored by the degradation of the priest who had celebrated the obnoxious marriage. But another storm darkened the sky, when Leo V., the Armenian, in 813, renewed the war against eikons. Theodore threw himself into the struggle with all the force of his being as their defender. He challenged the right of the imperial power to interfere with religious questions ; he refused to keep silence on the subject ; and on Palm Sunday, in 815, led a procession of his monks carrying eikons in their hands in triumph round the monastery grounds. Again he was scourged and banished. But he could not be subdued. By means of a large and active correspondence he continued an incessant and powerful agitation against the iconoclasts of the day. Nor would he come to terms with Michael IL, who had married a nun, and who allowed the use of eikons only outside the capital. So Theodore retired, apparently a defeated man, to the monastery of Acritas1; and there,c on Sunday, 11 November 826, and about noon, feeling his strength fail, he bade them light candles and sing the ugth psalm, which seems to have been sung at funerals. At the words : <c I will never forget Thy commandments, for with them Thou hast quickened me," he passed away.9 He was buried on the island of Prinkipo, but eighteen years later, when eikons were finally restored in the worship of the
1 The modern Touzla at the northern head of the gulf of Nicomedia. See the articles by Mr. Siderides and Mr. Mellopoulos in the Proceedings of the Greek Syttogos of Constantinople, vol. xxxi., 1907-8.